U.S. shipping sanctions to dent demand for dirty shipping fuel -…

“Of course this costs us annually around $100,000, but we prefer that cost than to use untested bunker oil based solely on the Bunker Delivery Receipt and find that we have a massive problem on our ship,” he said.

Paige Thies/CNET

Brita is known for its faucet and pitcher filters, but the company also makes plastic and stainless steel filtered water bottles. According to Brita’s website, these bottles aren’t intended for outside use — they’re intended for just filtered tap water, like the Astrea bottle — but this bottle also filtered natural fresh water just fine. The Brita filtering water bottle uses an activated carbon filter, which is extremely porous and pulls contaminants, such as chlorine and particulates. 

LONDON, Oct 29 (Reuters) – U.S.

sanctions on a top Chinese shipping fleet is set to produce a totally unintended result — less burning of the dirtiest marine fuels at sea at the start of next year, Refinitiv data showed on Tuesday.

Health professionals, environmental groups and other proponents for the rule change said adding wet scrubbers would result in vastly in healthier air, particularly for children, poor residents and people of color disproportionately affected by refinery pollution.

An underlying problem is that oil refineries are not obliged to produce tailor-made shipping fuel, said Neil Roberts, head of marine underwriting at Lloyd´s Market Association, which represents the interests of all underwriting businesses in London´s Lloyd´s insurance market.

The IMO said it does not have a remit to regulate the fuel industry but that international standards for the new fuel and information about compatibility between types had been issued as part of comprehensive preparations.

Chevron and PBF, the refiners expected to be most affected by the rule change, urged regulators to consider a less stringent 0.02 limit by 2023. Valero Energy Corp’s Benicia refinery already has a wet gas scrubber.

This Sawyer bottle requires an initial prep to remove any foam adsorption material that could’ve gotten knocked loose during packaging or shipping. Once you prep the bottle, the water filtration process requires 10 seconds of squeezing the bottle to work the foam adsorption feature. To get all of the water out of the water filter bottle, you need to give it a serious squeeze — even roll up the bottle from the bottom, similar to the way you roll up a toothpaste tube when it’s getting low. 

This high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) will not be banned outright but allowed if vessels attach at port a cleaning device called a scrubber — something fewer shipowners and brokers did given the highest profits for freight seen in years.

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“We expect the demand for HSFO for scrubber installed ships to account for about 2.5 million megatonnes per month (16% of global bunker demand) as of Jan. 1 2020 and increasing to almost 4 million megatonnes month once the current orders are completed.”

The dissenting board members cited concerns about refinery-related job losses, the length of time it will take refineries to comply with the 0.01 standard, versus the 0.02 standard, and legal threats by the refiners if the rule change passed.

“Union members depend on these refinery jobs to raise their families and put food on their tables, along with putting their kids through college, and live fulfilling lives,” Marc Lopez, representing the Plumbers and Steamfitters Local Union 342, said at the air district’s board meeting.

This self-filtering water bottle has three simple parts (bottle, cap and filter — four parts if you count the carbon capsule inside the filter), and the prep is simple: Just run clean water over the carbon filter capsule. Any time you use the bottle, let the water sit for a few moments to prime the hollow-fiber membrane filter. 

The 19-3 vote by the Bay Area Air Quality Management District governing board means refineries in the area, including Chevron Corp’s Richmond plant and PBF Energy Inc’s Martinez refinery, will have to install wet gas scrubbers to reduce pollution spewed by their gasoline-making fluid catalytic cracking units (FCCU) within five years.

“The postponement of scrubber installations triggered by soaring freight rates in October will only delay the absorption of HSFO volumes next year, exacerbating the decline in HSFO demand especially in H1 2020,” Refinitiv said in a report.

Airborne pollutants like sulphur and nitrates which are deeply harmful to human health were the target of the IMO rules, which allowed the use of scrubbers in order not to upend the shipping and refining industries.

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